Kindergarten Curriculum

Milton’s Kindergarten students develop intellectually, socially, emotionally and creatively in an environment that is both structured and exploratory. Play serves a critical role in the program, providing children a safe environment in which to experiment and discover. Kindergarten students learn to navigate social situations, respect one another, and cooperate with personalities different from their own. Encouraged to work and learn together, turning to each other for knowledge and understanding, students learn how to treat people, space and materials with respect, and to celebrate the strengths and talents in each child. Students build relationships with their peers and teachers, and they develop connections with students in other grades, particularly through interactions with their Grade 5 buddies.

Two essential questions that focus learning in Kindergarten are How am I an individual? How am I part of the community? An academic focus of the Kindergarten program is fostering a love of literature—through listening comprehension and vocabulary development during story time, as well as participation in a daily home-reading program. Each unit in Kindergarten revolves around something familiar: A study of pumpkins introduces science concepts, as students measure and observe their class pumpkin’s life cycle; a unit on bread integrates science and social studies as students learn about baking and chemistry, and discover the cultural role of bread in connecting people. Units on penguins and spiders help students understand species differentiation, as well as the differences between “tricksters” and liars.

Studies and Skills

Language Arts

Understanding sound/symbol correspondence

Developing phonemic awareness

Understanding concepts about print and reading mechanics (reading from left to right, difference between a word and a letter)

Enhancing listening skills

Interpreting read-aloud/interactive visuals

Increasing phonological awareness (rhyming, alliteration, syllable identification, blending and segmenting sounds)

Writing Workshop: journaling, recording information, writing stories


Developing listening and speaking skills in Spanish

Developing vocabulary and oral language skills through hands-on activities, games and songs

Physical Education

Developing body and spacial awareness

Refining motor skills: throwing, catching, skipping, running

Using skills in game situations requiring chasing, fleeing and dodging

Exploring movement through educational gymnastics: turning, twisting, rolling, balancing, transferring weight, jumping and landing


Developing number sense and counting strategies

Developing numeracy (understanding and working with numbers)

Learning to communicate about mathematical problems and solutions

Learn more about the Investigations mathematics program


Developing critical scientific skills: observing, measuring, collecting and recording data, forming hypotheses

Investigating growth and decomposition of pumpkins

Learning about the chemistry of baking through unit on bread

Understanding species differentiation through unit on spiders

Woodworking and Design

Learning to employ mechanical and spatial relationships


Inception and creation of ideas

Becoming inventors

Thinking innovatively

Developing math skills

Introduction to tools, wood, measurement and technique

Safely using sandpaper, crosscut saws, files and hammers


Understanding melody, vocal skills, rhythm, pitch, body percussion

Developing singing voices

Focusing students’ natural inclination toward movement

Exploring full-body and isolated movement

Imitating melodic lines in a call and response style


Encouraging individual creative expression

Using traditional and non-traditional materials and techniques

Developing basic art vocabulary

Practice in painting, drawing, sculpture, collage, ceramic and printmaking projects

Understanding line, texture, shape, pattern and color

Practicing self-expression and the pleasure of creation

Problem solving


Observing and interpreting information